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  1. Content type: Case report

    Anterior mediastinal masses are a rare but well documented finding in Graves disease. The vast majority of these lesions represents benign thymic hypertrophy and regress after treatment of the hyperthyroidism....

    Authors: Jonathan D Boyd and Ridas Juskevicius

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2012 5:5

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  2. Content type: Research

    Ophthalmopathy is a common manifestation of Graves’ disease (GD) occurring in up to 50% of patients. Mild eye signs are also common in patients with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Whilst a genetic predisposition to ...

    Authors: Melissa Ardley, Thomas McCorquodale, Hooshang Lahooti, Bernard Champion and Jack R Wall

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2012 5:4

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  3. Content type: Research

    Thyroglobulin is a large protein present in all vertebrates. It is synthesized in the thyrocytes and exported to lumen of the thyroid follicle, where its tyrosine residues are iodinated . The iodinated thyrogl...

    Authors: Abdelaziz Belkadi, Caroline Jacques, Frédérique Savagner and Yves Malthièry

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2012 5:3

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  4. Content type: Research

    Similar to other systems, the endocrine system is affected by aging. Thyroid hormone, the action of which is affected by many factors, has been shown to be associated with longevity. The most useful marker for...

    Authors: Satoru Suzuki, Shin-ichi Nishio, Teiji Takeda and Mitsuhisa Komatsu

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2012 5:1

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  5. Content type: Case report

    We report two patients with anorexia nervosa and Graves' disease who received subtotal thyroidectomy for Graves' disease and concomitantly experienced remission from anorexia nervosa. Both were young women (ag...

    Authors: Hitoshi Noguchi, Tsukasa Murakami, Shinya Uchino, Hiroto Yamashita and Shiro Noguchi

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4:17

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  6. Content type: Research

    In recent few years is underlined that altered balance of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines play an important role in the pathogenesis of AITD.

    Authors: Artur Bossowski, Jerzy Harasymczuk, Anna Moniuszko, Anna Bossowska, Maciej Hilczer and Karol Ratomski

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4:13

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  7. Content type: Research

    The cysteine peptidase cathepsin B is important in thyroid physiology by being involved in prohormone processing initiated in the follicle lumen and completed in endo-lysosomal compartments. However, cathepsin...

    Authors: Sofia Tedelind, Silvia Jordans, Henrike Resemann, Galia Blum, Matthew Bogyo, Dagmar Führer and Klaudia Brix

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4(Suppl 1):S2

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  8. Content type: Review

    Thyroid hormones (TH) are essential for the development of the human brain, growth and cellular metabolism. Investigation of TH transporters became one of the emerging fields in thyroid research after the disc...

    Authors: Anita Kinne, Ralf Schülein and Gerd Krause

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4(Suppl 1):S7

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  9. Content type: Review

    RNA-binding proteins may regulate every aspect of RNA metabolism, including pre-mRNA splicing, mRNA trafficking, stability and translation of many genes. The dynamic association of these proteins with RNA defi...

    Authors: Bogusz Trojanowicz, Henning Dralle and Cuong Hoang-Vu

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4(Suppl 1):S5

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  10. Content type: Review

    Thyroid hormones play a critical role in brain development but also in the adult human brain by modulating metabolic activity. Hypothyroid states are associated with both functional and structural brain altera...

    Authors: Maximilian Pilhatsch, Michael Marxen, Christine Winter, Michael N Smolka and Michael Bauer

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4(Suppl 1):S3

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  11. Content type: Review

    Thyroid cancer is one of the most common malignancies of the endocrine system with increasing incidence. The vast majority of thyroid carcinomas derive from thyroid hormone producing follicular cells. Carcinom...

    Authors: Juliane Braun and Stefan Hüttelmaier

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4(Suppl 1):S1

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  12. Content type: Research

    The monocarboxylate transporter 8 (MCT8) is a member of the major facilitator superfamily (MFS) and transports specificly iodothyronines. MCT8 mutations are the underlying cause of a syndrome of severe X-linke...

    Authors: Gunnar Kleinau, Ulrich Schweizer, Anita Kinne, Josef Köhrle, Annette Grüters, Heiko Krude and Heike Biebermann

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4(Suppl 1):S4

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  13. Content type: Review

    Thyroid hormones are of crucial importance for the functioning of nearly every organ. Remarkably, disturbances of thyroid hormone synthesis and function are among the most common endocrine disorders affecting ...

    Authors: Klaudia Brix, Dagmar Führer and Heike Biebermann

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4(Suppl 1):S9

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  14. Content type: Research

    Constitutively activating germline mutations in the thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) gene result in non-autoimmune hyperthyroidism and can be transmitted as a dominant trait or occur sporadically. These mutations a...

    Authors: Heike Biebermann, Franziska Winkler, Daniela Handke, Annette Grüters, Heiko Krude and Gunnar Kleinau

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4(Suppl 1):S8

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  15. Content type: Review

    Thyroid hormone (TH) is essential for normal development, growth and metabolism. Its effects were thought to be principally mediated through triiodothyronine (T3), acting as a ligand for the nuclear TH recepto...

    Authors: Lars C Moeller and Martina Broecker-Preuss

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4(Suppl 1):S6

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  16. Content type: Research

    Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) comprises the commonest type of thyroid cancer and carries the highest rate of survival. However, when metastatic disease occurs, survival is significantly affected.

    Authors: Alexandra Chrisoulidou, Maria Boudina, Athanasios Tzemailas, Eleni Doumala, Pashalia K Iliadou, Frideriki Patakiouta and Kalliopi Pazaitou-Panayiotou

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4:12

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  17. Content type: Research

    Currently the cytological examination of fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsies is the standard technique for the pre-operative differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules. However, the results may be non-informa...

    Authors: Kristine Ducena, Arturs Ābols, Janis Vilmanis, Zenons Narbuts, Juris Tārs, Diana Andrējeva, Aija Linē and Valdis Pīrāgs

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4:11

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  18. Content type: Research

    Pendred syndrome (PDS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by sensorineural hearing impairment and variable degree of goitrous enlargement of the thyroid gland with a partial defect in iodine orga...

    Authors: Tomoyuki Iwata, Tadao Yoshida, Masaaki Teranishi, Yoshiharu Murata, Yoshitaka Hayashi, Yasuhiko Kanou, Andrew J Griffith and Tsutomu Nakashima

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4:10

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  19. Content type: Research

    To assess predictors of well-differentiated thyroid cancer (WDTC) persistence/recurrence.

    Authors: Angela M Leung, Shalini Dave, Stephanie L Lee, Francis X Campion, Jeffrey R Garber and Elizabeth N Pearce

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4:9

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Thyroid storm is a condition in which multiple organ dysfunction results from failure of the compensatory mechanisms of the body owing to excessive thyroid hormone activity induced by some factors in patients ...

    Authors: Erika Osada, Naoki Hiroi, Mariko Sue, Natsumi Masai, Ryo Iga, Rika Shigemitsu, Reiko Oka, Masahiko Miyagi, Kaoru Iso, Koji Kuboki and Gen Yoshino

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4:8

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  21. Content type: Case report

    We present a patient with severe hypothyroidism complicated by paralytic ileus and acute kidney injury. A 65 year old male patient, diagnosed with hypothyroidism one year ago was transferred to our unit in a s...

    Authors: Chaturaka Rodrigo, Champika SSSK Gamakaranage, Dhanesha S Epa, Ariaranee Gnanathasan and Senaka Rajapakse

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4:7

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  22. Content type: Research

    The diagnosis of growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD) in short children seems unquestionable when both GH peak in stimulating tests (GHST) and IGF-I concentration are decreased. However, the discrepancies betw...

    Authors: Joanna Smyczyńska, Renata Stawerska, Andrzej Lewiński and Maciej Hilczer

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4:6

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  23. Content type: Research

    Peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase (Pin1), encoded by PIN1 gene with locus in chromosome 19p13, is an enzyme that catalytically induces conformational changes in proteins after phosphorylation on serine or threo...

    Authors: Andrzej Lewiński, Ewa Brzeziańska, Karolina Czarnecka, Joanna Latek, Włodzimierz Koptas and Anna Cyniak-Magierska

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4:4

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  24. Content type: Research

    RET/PTC rearrangements are the most frequent molecular changes in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). So far, 15 main RET/PTC rearrangements have been described, among which RET/PTC1 and RET/PTC3 are the most com...

    Authors: Anna Cyniak-Magierska, Katarzyna Wojciechowska-Durczyńska, Kinga Krawczyk-Rusiecka, Arkadiusz Zygmunt and Andrzej Lewiński

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4:5

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  25. Content type: Research

    COX-2 is an enzyme isoform that catalyses the formation of prostanoids from arachidonic acid. An increased COX-2 gene expression is believed to participate in carcinogenesis. Recent studies have shown that COX-2 ...

    Authors: Kinga Krawczyk-Rusiecka, Katarzyna Wojciechowska-Durczyńska, Anna Cyniak-Magierska, Zbigniew Adamczewski, Elżbieta Gałecka and Andrzej Lewiński

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4:3

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  26. Content type: Research

    Autoimmune thyroid disease is a common complication of patients with chronic hepatitis C undergoing combination pegylated interferon-α and ribavirin treatment. A small proportion develops interferon-induced th...

    Authors: Huy A Tran, Tracey L Jones, Elizabeth A Ianna and Glenn EM Reeves

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4:2

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  27. Content type: Research

    The purpose of this study was to assess the advantages and disadvantages of 3D gray-scale and power Doppler ultrasound, including thin slice volume rendering (TSVR), applied for evaluation of thyroid nodules.

    Authors: Rafal Zenon Slapa, Wieslaw Stanislaw Jakubowski, Jadwiga Slowinska-Srzednicka and Kazimierz Tomasz Szopinski

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2011 4:1

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  28. Content type: Research

    Our Thyroid-Multidisciplinary Clinic is a large referral site for thyroid diseases. Thyroid biopsies are mainly performed for thyroid cancer screening. Yet, Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) is being too frequently d...

    Authors: Anca Staii, Sarah Mirocha, Kristina Todorova-Koteva, Simone Glinberg and Juan C Jaume

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2010 3:11

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  29. Content type: Research

    Calcitonin (Ct) and carcinoembrional antigen (CEA) are widely used as tumor markers for the post-operative follow-up of patients with medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC).

    Authors: Tomasz Gawlik, Andrea d'Amico, Sylwia Szpak-Ulczok, Aleksander Skoczylas, Elżbieta Gubała, Anna Chorąży, Kamil Gorczewski, Jan Włoch and Barbara Jarząb

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2010 3:10

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  30. Content type: Research

    The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of 131I therapy between three groups of DTC patients who received 30, 60 or 100 mCi for thyroid remnant ablation after total thyroidectomy and were postoperat...

    Authors: Aleksandra Kukulska, Jolanta Krajewska, Marzena Gawkowska-Suwińska, Zbigniew Puch, Ewa Paliczka-Cieslik, Jozef Roskosz, Daria Handkiewicz-Junak, Michał Jarzab, Elzbieta Gubała and Barbara Jarzab

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2010 3:9

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  31. Content type: Research

    In differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) with primary tumor smaller than 1 cm, the routine central lymph node (LN) dissection is questioned, due to increased risk of post-surgery complications and lack of con...

    Authors: Agnieszka Czarniecka, Michal Jarzab, Jolanta Krajewska, Ewa Chmielik, Bogna Szcześniak-Klusek, Ewa Stobiecka, Robert Kokot, Aleksander Sacher, Stanisław Poltorak and Jan Wloch

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2010 3:8

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  32. Content type: Research

    Radioiodine (131I) therapy is widely accepted as an essential part of therapeutic regimens in many cases of differentiated thyroid cancer. Radiation-induced oxidative damage to macromolecules is a well known phen...

    Authors: Jacek Makarewicz, Andrzej Lewiński and Małgorzata Karbownik-Lewińska

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2010 3:7

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  33. Content type: Research

    At present, researchers' attention has been concentrating on NDRG2 (N-Myc downstream-regulated gene 2) as a new gene candidate in the development and progression of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). NDRG2, toget...

    Authors: Anna Mordalska, Joanna Latek, Tomasz Ferenc, Lech Pomorski, Elżbieta Gałecka, Arkadiusz Zygmunt and Andrzej Lewiński

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2010 3:6

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  34. Content type: Research

    Recent studies have shown that the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling pathway is important regulator of many cellular events, including apoptosis, proliferation and motility. PI3K pathway alteratio...

    Authors: Katarzyna Wojciechowska-Durczyńska, Kinga Krawczyk-Rusiecka, Anna Cyniak-Magierska, Arkadiusz Zygmunt, Elżbieta Gałecka and Andrzej Lewiński

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2010 3:5

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  35. Content type: Short report

    Thyroid cancer may have a familial predisposition but a specific germline alteration responsible for the disease has not been discovered yet. We have shown that familial papillary thyroid cancer (FPTC) patient...

    Authors: Silvia Cantara, Serena Capuano, Caterina Formichi, Milena Pisu, Marco Capezzone and Furio Pacini

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2010 3:4

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  36. Content type: Research

    Iodide that is essential for thyroid hormone synthesis is actively transported into the thyroid follicular cells via sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) protein in vertebrates. It is well known that NIS expression i...

    Authors: Md Harun-Or-Rashid, Masato Asai, Xiao-yang Sun, Yoshitaka Hayashi, Junichi Sakamoto and Yoshiharu Murata

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2010 3:3

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  37. Content type: Research

    Normal thyroid hormone secretion or appropriate L-thyroxine (L-T4) substitution is necessary for the optimal effect of the growth hormone (GH) administration on growth rate. The decrease of free thyroxine (FT4) l...

    Authors: Joanna Smyczynska, Maciej Hilczer, Renata Stawerska and Andrzej Lewinski

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2010 3:2

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  38. Content type: Case report

    A 31-year old woman, previously fit & well was admitted with pressing retrosternal chest pain and palpitations of sudden onset. Her body weight was normal (BMI 20.5 kg/m2) and there was no significant family hist...

    Authors: Krzysztof C Lewandowski, Tomasz Rechciński, Maria Krzemińska-Pakuła and Andrzej Lewiński

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2010 3:1

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  39. Content type: Case report

    Hepatitis C virus is a highly immunogenic pathogen often inducing autoimmune activation changes and this can often be further exacerbated by Interferon therapy. As HCV is lymphocytotropic, it can modulate T ce...

    Authors: Huy A Tran and Glenn EM Reeves

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2009 2:12

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  40. Content type: Short report

    Thyroid function is closely related to leptin's secretion by the adipose tissue. In states of leptin-deficiency, the circadian rhythm of TSH is altered, leading to central hypothyroidism in animal models. In h...

    Authors: Gilberto Paz-Filho, Tuncay Delibasi, Halil K Erol, Ma-Li Wong and Julio Licinio

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2009 2:11

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  41. Content type: Research

    Genes related to the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), a key transcription factor involved in regulation of immune responses, are interesting candidates for association studies in autoimmune disorders. The aim of thi...

    Authors: Alina Kurylowicz, Piotr Miśkiewicz, Ewa Bar-Andziak, Janusz Nauman and Tomasz Bednarczuk

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2009 2:10

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  42. Content type: Case report

    Primary thyroid gland lymphomas are uncommon tumours that occur in the setting of lymphocytic thyroiditis or Hashimoto's disease in almost all cases. In this condition a distinction between an inflammatory lym...

    Authors: Antonio D'Antonio, Alessia Caleo, Stefano Licci, Maria Addesso, Maurizio De Palma, Amedeo Boscaino and Oscar Nappi

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2009 2:9

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  43. Content type: Research

    In 30–50% of patients with metastatic non-medullary thyroid cancer the metastases are not radioiodine-avid and so there is no effective treatment. Retinoids have demonstrated inhibition of thyroid tumor growth...

    Authors: Daria Handkiewicz-Junak, Jozef Roskosz, Kornelia Hasse-Lazar, Sylwia Szpak-Ulczok, Zbigniew Puch, Aleksandra Kukulska, Tomasz Olczyk, Andrzej Piela, Ewa Paliczka-Cieslik and Barbara Jarzab

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2009 2:8

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  44. Content type: Research

    in recent years, an increasing interest in the application of selective embolization of thyroid arteries (SETA) in the treatment of thyroid diseases is observed. In the present report, we analyse the value, sa...

    Authors: Marek Dedecjus, Józef Tazbir, Zbigniew Kaurzel, Grzegorz Stróżyk, Arkadiusz Zygmunt, Andrzej Lewiński and Jan Brzeziński

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2009 2:7

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  45. Content type: Research

    Large multinodular goiter (MNG) in elderly people is a common finding which can require intervention. The long-term effect of radioiodine therapy on thyroid volume (TV) and function after recombinant human (rh...

    Authors: Massimo Giusti, Mauro Caputo, Iolanda Calamia, Mariaclaudia Bagnara, Enrica Ceresola, Mara Schiavo, Michele Mussap, Diego Ferone, Francesco Minuto and Marcello Bagnasco

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2009 2:6

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