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  1. Loss of bone mineral density due to osteoporosis is the main cause of fragility fractures and leads to dropped quality of life and increased mortality. Disturbance of balance between bone formation and bone re...

    Authors: Dominika Tuchendler and Marek Bolanowski

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2014 7:12

    Content type: Short report

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  2. The cyclooxygenases are a group of enzymes catalyzing the formation of prostaglandins from arachidonic acid. Cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) is a constitutive form, thought to be a “housekeeping gene”, with constant ...

    Authors: Kinga Krawczyk-Rusiecka, Katarzyna Wojciechowska-Durczynska, Anna Cyniak-Magierska, Arkadiusz Zygmunt and Andrzej Lewinski

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2014 7:10

    Content type: Research

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  3. The cell-mediated immune process by CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocyte subsets of T-cells has a major role in the pathogenesis of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT). However, the exact mechanisms of initiation and progression...

    Authors: Teslime Ayaz, Serap Baydur Sahin, Osman Zikrullah Sahin, Medine Cumhur Cure, Fatih Sumer and Kadir Ilkkilic

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2014 7:11

    Content type: Research

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  4. The pre-surgical selection of thyroid nodules with indeterminate cytology (Thy 3 according to British Thyroid Association) after fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is currently required in order to reduce un...

    Authors: Massimo Giusti, Claudia Campomenosi, Stefano Gay, Barbara Massa, Enzo Silvestri, Eleonora Monti and Giovanni Turtulici

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2014 7:9

    Content type: Research

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  5. Preoperative diagnostic investigations of nodular goiter are based on two main examinations: ultrasonography of the thyroid gland and ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy. So far, FNAB has been the ...

    Authors: Anhelli Syrenicz, Monika Koziołek, Andrzej Ciechanowicz, Anna Sieradzka, Agnieszka Bińczak-Kuleta and Miłosz Parczewski

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2014 7:6

    Content type: Review

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  6. Whereas oxidative reactions occur in all tissues and organs, the thyroid constitutes such an organ, in which oxidative processes are indispensable for physiological functions. In turn, numerous metabolic react...

    Authors: Agnieszka Kokoszko-Bilska, Jan Stepniak, Andrzej Lewinski and Malgorzata Karbownik-Lewinska

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2014 7:5

    Content type: Research

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  7. It is now recognized that TSH can act on targets other than the thyroid, including the liver. Elevated serum TSH levels in euthyroid subjects were recently reported to correlate with high values of serum propr...

    Authors: AnneMarie Gagnon, Moeber Mahzari, Heather A Lochnan and Alexander Sorisky

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2014 7:4

    Content type: Short report

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  8. Thyroid metastases account for approximately 1.4-3% of all malignancies of the thyroid gland. Thyroid metastases are most common in: clarocellular carcinoma of the kidney, lung cancer, breast cancer, malignant...

    Authors: Monika Koziołek, Anna Sieradzka, Lilianna Osowicz-Korolonek, Ewa Wentland-Kotwicka, Katarzyna Karpińska-Kaczmarczyk and Anhelli Syrenicz

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2014 7:1

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Studies based on laboratory data about thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT4) reference interval (RI) show conflicting results regarding the importance of using specific values by age group...

    Authors: Rosita Fontes, Claudia Regina Coeli, Fernanda Aguiar and Mario Vaisman

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2013 6:13

    Content type: Research

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  10. Serum concentration of soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) has been established as a reliable marker of T-lymphocyte activation. However, there have been no reports describing the relationship between seru...

    Authors: Kae Hamamoto, Masaaki Inaba, Shinsuke Yamada, Maki Yoda, Koichiro Yoda, Hitoshi Goto, Masafumi Kurajoh and Hidenori Koyama

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2013 6:12

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Thyrotoxicosis is a cause of secondary osteoporosis. High concentrations of triiodotironine (T3) in Graves’ disease stimulate bone turnover, but it is unclear if euthyroidism will always normalize bone metabol...

    Authors: Monica A Ercolano, Monica L Drnovsek, Maria C Silva Croome, Monica Moos, Ana M Fuentes, Fanny Viale, Ulla Feldt-Rasmussen and Alicia T Gauna

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2013 6:11

    Content type: Research

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  12. Fenton reaction (Fe2++H2O2→Fe3++OH+OH) is of special significance in the thyroid gland, as both its substrates, i.e. H2O2 and Fe2+, are required for thyroid hormone synthesis. Also iodine, an essential element ...

    Authors: Magdalena Milczarek, Jan Stępniak, Andrzej Lewiński and Małgorzata Karbownik-Lewińska

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2013 6:10

    Content type: Research

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  13. In order to assess safety of radioactive iodine administration in the treatment of thyrotoxicosis, we measured concentrations of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), its main inhibitor – TIMP-2 (tissue inhibito...

    Authors: Andrzej Lewinski, Anna Brona, Krzysztof C Lewandowski, Diana Jedrzejuk, Anna Bohdanowicz-Pawlak, Elżbieta Skowronska-Jozwiak, Małgorzata Bienkiewicz and Andrzej Milewicz

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2013 6:9

    Content type: Research

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  14. Associations between breast cancer and thyroid disorders are reported in numerous studies. Relationships between thyroperoxidase antibodies (TPOAb), thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAb) and breast cancer have been ...

    Authors: Paweł Szychta, Wojciech Szychta, Adam Gesing, Andrzej Lewiński and Małgorzata Karbownik-Lewińska

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2013 6:8

    Content type: Research

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  15. Hyperfunctioning nodules of the thyroid are thought to only rarely harbor thyroid cancer, and thus are infrequently biopsied. Here, we present the case of a patient with a hyperfunctioning thyroid nodule harbo...

    Authors: Sasan Mirfakhraee, Dana Mathews, Lan Peng, Stacey Woodruff and Jeffrey M Zigman

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2013 6:7

    Content type: Review

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  16. The standard management in patients with thyroid nodules is to assess the risk of malignancy, based on cytological examination. On the other hand, there are thyroid patterns of ultrasound (US) image, associate...

    Authors: Zbigniew Adamczewski and Andrzej Lewiński

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2013 6:6

    Content type: Research

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  17. Citation: Thyroid Research 2013 6(Suppl 2):A59

    Content type: Meeting abstract

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 6 Supplement 2

  18. Authors: Magdalena Rudzińska, Damian Gaweł, Anna Stachurska, Hanna Domek, Jolanta Czerwińska, Mirosław Kiedrowski, Tomasz Stępień, Dariusz Lange and Barbara Czarnocka

    Citation: Thyroid Research 2013 6(Suppl 2):A51

    Content type: Meeting abstract

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 6 Supplement 2

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